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Green Hydrogen: The Path to a More Renewable Future

As Hydrogen is one of the most bets currently in the renewable world, there is a great need to better understand the concept of Green Hydrogen, increasingly present in everyday life in several developed countries.

Green Hydrogen is hydrogen generated through a peculiar process – Electrolysis. In the context of Green Hydrogen, this process is based on the use of electric current caused by water in order to obtain hydrogen from the oxygen existing in this element.

Although there is a strong investment of this energy source in the global economy in recent years, we are still building a period of consistent rise of Green Hydrogen in the long term. At the same time, it is imperative to combat the wear and tear caused by carbon dioxide emissions on Planet Earth.

Green Hydrogen in Portugal

Portugal has shown a very active action in what concerns renewable energies, with special emphasis on Green Hydrogen. Given its privileged location in Europe, Portugal has very favorable weather conditions, as well as easy access to elements that can be used to generate Green Hydrogen – wind and hydro.

Nevertheless, being part of the European Union and of Agreements that aim at national, european and international interests in relation to climate change, the Portuguese Government has strongly bet on Green Hydrogen investment, from economic injections and appeals to boost the projection of Green Hydrogen.

Allied to the climate change factor is the economy, of which also favors with the bet on Green Hydrogen. Events such as COVID-19, economic crises and the most recent Invasion in Ukraine, triggered even more the need for Portugal to become increasingly independent in the energy factor and, consequently, in obtaining it.

Green Hydrogen in Spain

It is common knowledge that Spain is one of the pioneering countries in Europe when it comes to renewable energies and the energy sector. Being headquarters for many multinational and energy companies (Endesa, Repsol, Iberdrola, among others), Spain is increasingly aware of the importance of sustainability for its territory and, consequently, for the rest of Europe. Thus, Green Hydrogen has been a growing theme.

Spain has impressive meteorological conditions for Green Hydrogen, with sun, water and wind being the most valued elements for this renewable energy source.

Regarding the issue of decarbonization, Spain is one of the countries that is in the front line for the sensitivity of this issue, of which its presence in various initiatives and agreements within the European Union is verified.

The Economy topic is also very important for the betting on Green Hydrogen in Spain, since the opportunities intrinsic to this chemical process trigger great improvements in the country’s economic growth and the export of this renewable energy source worldwide.

The Iberian Peninsula and the Green Hydrogen Triumph

It is certain that Portugal and Spain are two very promising countries when it comes to Green Hydrogen and Renewable Energies in general. The fact that they are neighbors and make up the Iberian Peninsula makes them direct allies in the energy sector.

This common interest in Green Hydrogen allowed a very pertinent approach in the Iberian Peninsula, as well as in its valorization within the European and world sphere, giving rise to very attractive and promising projects.

The known “Green Energy Corridor” between Portugal and Spain counts with the participation of France, given the great desire and investment in Nuclear Green Hydrogen by the French power. As France has been an activist in recent years in what concerns this aspect of Green Hydrogen, it has supported and appealed to the union of several European countries in the common investment of this more sustainable energy source.

The Green H2 Atlantic Project, which counts with the participation of several European countries (Germany, France), among them the strong participation and weight of Portugal and Spain, has allowed the boosting of competition in the Iberian Peninsula, since its physical base is in the port of Sines, in Portugal. This presence in Portuguese territory boosts a crucial headquarters for the creation and supply of energy, as well as makes Portugal’s strong potential known worldwide.

The H2Med Project, which also involves Portugal, Spain and France, has a challenging goal for 2030 – to be the first major operational Green Hydrogen corridor in Europe. This goal will be sealed with the boosting of the creation of a gas pipeline that will connect Portugal (in the Celorico da Beira Area) and Spain (in the Zamora Area) and the creation of a maritime pipeline that will connect Spain (Barcelona) and France (Marselha).

This whole process will facilitate the transportation of this energy source, which is fundamental for its exportation at a European and world level.

Ana Isidoro

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