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Posts published in “News”

The 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations: A Pillar of International Diplomacy

The 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations is a cornerstone of modern international diplomacy, setting out the framework for diplomatic relations between sovereign states. Drafted and adopted during a time of significant global political change, the convention has played a crucial role in shaping the conduct of diplomatic affairs, protecting diplomats, and facilitating communication between nations. In this article, we will delve into the history,…

Diplomatic Ranks: The Hierarchy of International Relations

Diplomacy is the art of conducting negotiations and maintaining relationships between nations, and at the heart of this intricate dance are the diplomats who represent their countries on the global stage. Diplomatic ranks are essential in this field, providing structure and hierarchy to the profession. In this article, we will delve into the world of diplomatic ranks, exploring their history, significance, and the roles they…

Unraveling the Diplomatic Concepts of Machiavelli: Lessons from the Past for Modern Diplomacy

Niccolò Machiavelli, the Italian Renaissance diplomat, philosopher, and writer, is renowned for his pragmatic and often controversial views on statecraft and diplomacy. His works, most notably “The Prince” and “The Art of War,” have left an indelible mark on the world of politics and diplomacy. Machiavelli’s diplomatic concepts, rooted in the realpolitik of his time, continue to influence contemporary diplomacy. This article delves into Machiavelli’s…

The Peace of Westphalia: Shaping the Course of Diplomacy and Modern International Relations

The Peace of Westphalia, signed in 1648, stands as a watershed moment in the history of diplomacy and international relations. This historic treaty, composed of two separate agreements known as the Treaty of Münster and the Treaty of Osnabrück, brought an end to the Eighty Years’ War between Spain and the Dutch Republic, as well as the devastating Thirty Years’ War, which had engulfed Europe…

The Diplomatic Bag: A Legacy of Secrecy and Security in Modern Diplomacy

In the world of international diplomacy, secrets and sensitive information are currency. The need to protect classified documents from prying eyes has been a fundamental aspect of diplomatic practice for centuries. One of the most iconic and enigmatic tools in this endeavor is the diplomatic bag. This unassuming piece of luggage has played a crucial role in safeguarding sensitive information and facilitating diplomatic relations for…

Diplomatic Immunity: Balancing Sovereignty and Accountability in International Relations

Diplomatic immunity is a concept deeply ingrained in the realm of international relations. It grants a certain degree of protection to diplomats and their families while they serve in foreign countries. This age-old practice, rooted in the need for states to conduct diplomatic relations without fear of harassment or retaliation, has raised numerous ethical and legal questions. Over the years, the concept of diplomatic immunity…

Honorary Consuls: Their Historical Significance and Modern Role

Honorary consuls play a unique and often underappreciated role in international diplomacy and trade. These individuals, who are usually citizens of one country residing in another, serve as unofficial representatives of their home country. While their roles and responsibilities have evolved over time, honorary consuls have a rich history that spans centuries. In this article, we will delve into the history of honorary consuls, tracing…

Digital Diplomacy: Navigating the Virtual Terrain for Global Harmony

In an increasingly interconnected and technologically driven world, diplomacy has transcended the confines of traditional statecraft to embrace the digital age. This evolution has given birth to a new frontier of international relations known as “digital diplomacy.” This article explores the concept, objectives, and the profound impact of digital diplomacy on society. Understanding Digital Diplomacy Digital diplomacy, often referred to as “e-diplomacy” or “cyber diplomacy,”…

The Historical Context of Presenting Ambassadorial Credentials: A Diplomatic Tradition

The presentation of ambassadorial credentials is a significant ritual in the world of diplomacy, steeped in tradition and history. It is a moment when a diplomat formally assumes their role as the representative of their country to a foreign government. This article delves into the historical context of presenting ambassadorial credentials, exploring its origins, evolution, and enduring importance in the realm of international relations. The…

The Evolving Role of the Ambassador in the 21st Century

In the ever-changing landscape of international diplomacy, the role of ambassadors has undergone a profound transformation in the 21st century. While the traditional functions of representing one’s nation, fostering diplomatic relations, and negotiating treaties remain fundamental, modern ambassadors find themselves navigating a complex and interconnected world shaped by globalization, technology, and evolving geopolitical dynamics. This article explores the multifaceted role of ambassadors in the 21st…

Persona Non Grata: Navigating the Delicate Realm of Diplomatic Relations

In the complex world of international diplomacy, maintaining peaceful and cooperative relationships between nations is a delicate balancing act. Diplomats are tasked with the responsibility of representing their home country on foreign soil, fostering cooperation, and resolving disputes. However, diplomacy is not always smooth sailing. Occasionally, diplomatic missions encounter obstacles that challenge the fundamental principles of respect and cooperation. One such challenge is the declaration…

Green Hydrogen: The Path to a More Renewable Future

As Hydrogen is one of the most bets currently in the renewable world, there is a great need to better understand the concept of Green Hydrogen, increasingly present in everyday life in several developed countries. Green Hydrogen is hydrogen generated through a peculiar process – Electrolysis. In the context of Green Hydrogen, this process is based on the use of electric current caused by water…

High-Speed Train: The Future of Transports

Since comfort, safety and speed are paramount factors in the smooth operation of public transports, the issue of rail transport has gained a very pertinent weight in its evolution, worldwide. Increasingly, there is a need to (re)invest in rail transport, more precisely in high-speed trains. Why high-speed trains? The growth of these trains arises not only in the Iberian Peninsula, but also worldwide, due to…

Ambassador Burak Akçapar presented the “credentials letter” to UNWTO 

Ambassador of the Republic of Türkiye to Spain Burak Akçapar on 11th of November presented the “credentials letter” to UNWTO Secterary General Zurab Pololikashvili, formally accrediting the Turkish Embassy in Madrid as the Permanent Representation of Turkiye to the UNWTO and Ambassador Burak Akçapar as its first Permanent Representative.    Türkiye has been a full member to the Organization since 1975. As a founding member of…