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Raia Diplomática

New Zealand-Spain Relationship

When Spaniards think of New Zealand, a number of things spring to mind. From the All Blacks rugby team, to Lord of the Rings, to its striking natural scenery. While New Zealand is a large country in terms of land mass – slightly larger in fact than the United Kingdom, our population is much smaller. We have five million people, with an additional one million kiwis living…

Türkiye on the Horizon: A Country With Inspiring Potential

Strategically positioned at the nexus of Europe and Asia, The Republic of Türkiye presents a landscape replete with opportunities, where the legacy of ancient trade routes is now intertwined with the vigor of modern innovation. Its geographical advantage provides unparalleled access to diverse markets across Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia. In addition, the country boasts a substantial domestic market, a youthful and dynamic…

Portugal and Hungary: Enhancing Economic and Cultural Cooperation

We want to make the 50th anniversary of the reestablishment of diplomatic relations between Hungary and Portugal memorable not only by presenting Hungarian folk art, culture and traditions, but we also try to present traditional Hungarian foods, handicrafts, and sports innovation (Hungarikums) to the Portuguese public. Between 10 and 13 in April, in Lisbon, Santiago de Cacém and Setúbal, everyone will have the opportunity to…

The 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations: A Pillar of International Diplomacy

The 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations is a cornerstone of modern international diplomacy, setting out the framework for diplomatic relations between sovereign states. Drafted and adopted during a time of significant global political change, the convention has played a crucial role in shaping the conduct of diplomatic affairs, protecting diplomats, and facilitating communication between nations. In this article, we will delve into the history,…

Diplomatic Ranks: The Hierarchy of International Relations

Diplomacy is the art of conducting negotiations and maintaining relationships between nations, and at the heart of this intricate dance are the diplomats who represent their countries on the global stage. Diplomatic ranks are essential in this field, providing structure and hierarchy to the profession. In this article, we will delve into the world of diplomatic ranks, exploring their history, significance, and the roles they…

Unraveling the Diplomatic Concepts of Machiavelli: Lessons from the Past for Modern Diplomacy

Niccolò Machiavelli, the Italian Renaissance diplomat, philosopher, and writer, is renowned for his pragmatic and often controversial views on statecraft and diplomacy. His works, most notably “The Prince” and “The Art of War,” have left an indelible mark on the world of politics and diplomacy. Machiavelli’s diplomatic concepts, rooted in the realpolitik of his time, continue to influence contemporary diplomacy. This article delves into Machiavelli’s…

The Peace of Westphalia: Shaping the Course of Diplomacy and Modern International Relations

The Peace of Westphalia, signed in 1648, stands as a watershed moment in the history of diplomacy and international relations. This historic treaty, composed of two separate agreements known as the Treaty of Münster and the Treaty of Osnabrück, brought an end to the Eighty Years’ War between Spain and the Dutch Republic, as well as the devastating Thirty Years’ War, which had engulfed Europe…

The Diplomatic Bag: A Legacy of Secrecy and Security in Modern Diplomacy

In the world of international diplomacy, secrets and sensitive information are currency. The need to protect classified documents from prying eyes has been a fundamental aspect of diplomatic practice for centuries. One of the most iconic and enigmatic tools in this endeavor is the diplomatic bag. This unassuming piece of luggage has played a crucial role in safeguarding sensitive information and facilitating diplomatic relations for…

Diplomatic Immunity: Balancing Sovereignty and Accountability in International Relations

Diplomatic immunity is a concept deeply ingrained in the realm of international relations. It grants a certain degree of protection to diplomats and their families while they serve in foreign countries. This age-old practice, rooted in the need for states to conduct diplomatic relations without fear of harassment or retaliation, has raised numerous ethical and legal questions. Over the years, the concept of diplomatic immunity…

Honorary Consuls: Their Historical Significance and Modern Role

Honorary consuls play a unique and often underappreciated role in international diplomacy and trade. These individuals, who are usually citizens of one country residing in another, serve as unofficial representatives of their home country. While their roles and responsibilities have evolved over time, honorary consuls have a rich history that spans centuries. In this article, we will delve into the history of honorary consuls, tracing…

Digital Diplomacy: Navigating the Virtual Terrain for Global Harmony

In an increasingly interconnected and technologically driven world, diplomacy has transcended the confines of traditional statecraft to embrace the digital age. This evolution has given birth to a new frontier of international relations known as “digital diplomacy.” This article explores the concept, objectives, and the profound impact of digital diplomacy on society. Understanding Digital Diplomacy Digital diplomacy, often referred to as “e-diplomacy” or “cyber diplomacy,”…

The Historical Context of Presenting Ambassadorial Credentials: A Diplomatic Tradition

The presentation of ambassadorial credentials is a significant ritual in the world of diplomacy, steeped in tradition and history. It is a moment when a diplomat formally assumes their role as the representative of their country to a foreign government. This article delves into the historical context of presenting ambassadorial credentials, exploring its origins, evolution, and enduring importance in the realm of international relations. The…

The Evolving Role of the Ambassador in the 21st Century

In the ever-changing landscape of international diplomacy, the role of ambassadors has undergone a profound transformation in the 21st century. While the traditional functions of representing one’s nation, fostering diplomatic relations, and negotiating treaties remain fundamental, modern ambassadors find themselves navigating a complex and interconnected world shaped by globalization, technology, and evolving geopolitical dynamics. This article explores the multifaceted role of ambassadors in the 21st…

Persona Non Grata: Navigating the Delicate Realm of Diplomatic Relations

In the complex world of international diplomacy, maintaining peaceful and cooperative relationships between nations is a delicate balancing act. Diplomats are tasked with the responsibility of representing their home country on foreign soil, fostering cooperation, and resolving disputes. However, diplomacy is not always smooth sailing. Occasionally, diplomatic missions encounter obstacles that challenge the fundamental principles of respect and cooperation. One such challenge is the declaration…

Why investing in Türkiye is always a good decision?

With its geostrategic location, resilient and fast-growing economy, manufacturing capabilities, young and dynamic population, and developed logistics infrastructure, Türkiye has become a regional powerhouse where manufacturing activities of multinationals are supported by R&D centres, design teams, procurement offices, logistics hubs, and regional management centres. As of today, almost 80,000 international companies operate in Türkiye. Cumulative FDI inflows to Türkiye have exceeded USD 250 billion since…

Green Hydrogen: The Path to a More Renewable Future

As Hydrogen is one of the most bets currently in the renewable world, there is a great need to better understand the concept of Green Hydrogen, increasingly present in everyday life in several developed countries. Green Hydrogen is hydrogen generated through a peculiar process – Electrolysis. In the context of Green Hydrogen, this process is based on the use of electric current caused by water…

High-Speed Train: The Future of Transports

Since comfort, safety and speed are paramount factors in the smooth operation of public transports, the issue of rail transport has gained a very pertinent weight in its evolution, worldwide. Increasingly, there is a need to (re)invest in rail transport, more precisely in high-speed trains. Why high-speed trains? The growth of these trains arises not only in the Iberian Peninsula, but also worldwide, due to…

MIKTA- The Firm Advocates for an Improved Global Governance

In the recent decades, there has been a strong movement between countries and their governments to form groups of allies in order to work together on common issues. These groups of countries may vary depending on their objectives. For example, in 2001, economist Jim O´Neil appointed the acronym “BRICS” to the five countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and later integrated, South Africa) which share the…

Indonesia – Presidency in ASEAN and MIKTA – From a medium power country to future world leader?

Intergovernmental organizations have managed to acquire a fundamental role in international relations in recent decades. Since their foundation, countries united by similar objectives have constantly struggled to participate in the international arena and thus, strengthen alliances to achieve their objectives. One global partner that has played a vital role in recent years is the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, better known as (ASEAN). Established in…

From Independence to ‘Smart Bangladesh’: A Glorious Journey

A middle power in the Indo-Pacific region, Bangladesh is the second largest economy in South Asia and the seventh largest democracy in the world. It is also the third-largest Muslim-majority country in the world. With 170 million population, the riverine Bangladesh is the most densely populated country in the world. Bangladesh may have existed as an independent state for the last 52 years, but its…

Ambassador Burak Akçapar presented the “credentials letter” to UNWTO 

Ambassador of the Republic of Türkiye to Spain Burak Akçapar on 11th of November presented the “credentials letter” to UNWTO Secterary General Zurab Pololikashvili, formally accrediting the Turkish Embassy in Madrid as the Permanent Representation of Turkiye to the UNWTO and Ambassador Burak Akçapar as its first Permanent Representative.    Türkiye has been a full member to the Organization since 1975. As a founding member of…

Do we really want Peace?

“If a man sets his heart on benevolence, he will be free from evil.” – Confucius There is no time in the history of mankind when the world has enjoyed total peace. Despite this and the current state of world affairs, today we live in the moment of greatest peace and prosperity in history. So, are we close to achieving world peace? In his book…

Bangladesh: A Journey of Prosperity from 1971 to 2022

Bangladesh emerged on the world map through the sacrifice of 3 million martyrs in 1971. Since gaining independence in 1971, Bangladesh has undergone considerable political and economic change. The indomitable courage and spirit of the people, coupled with the bold and visionary leadership, the country is progressing very rapidly. The immortal legacy and ideals of our great leader and Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh…

Representing Ghana in Spain

When I was appointed by the President of Ghana, His Excellency Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, as Ghana’s Ambassador to Spain on 11th November 2020, there naturally were certain things I did not know but I certainly knew I was coming to a familiar territory. I had previously served as Minister- Counsellor at the Ghana Embassy in Madrid from 2007 to 2011 and had used the…

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA: NOT ONLY WHITE BEACHES AND CRYSTAL CLEAR SEAS, BUT ALSO EXCELLENT INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Antigua and Barbuda is an independent democratic island state of the Commonwealth, located between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, belonging to the archipelago of the Lesser Antilles. It consists of 3 larger islands (Antigua and Barbuda and Redonda) and many smaller ones. The twin-islands state has a total area of about 440 km2 and has about 100’000 inhabitants. It is entirely surrounded by…

BIDEN SWEARS IN: WHAT DOES THE FUTURE HOLD IN STORE

Today Joseph. R. Biden Jr. will become the 46th President of the United States. It is an historical “Inauguration Day” (hopefully peaceful) not only because Biden will be the second Catholic or the oldest Commander in Chief to enter into office, but because he is Trump’s successor. Trump’s presidency has been characterized by a toxic combination of a rude populist over-excitation and a vast use…